Publications of POSTECH iGEL

Last revised on March 8, 2013.
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Biomedical Applications of Atmospheric Pressure Plasmas (APPs)

Skin Treatments by Atmospheric Pressure Plasma

  • J.H. Choi, H.Wk Lee, J.K. Lee, J.W. Hong, G.C. Kim,"Low-temperature atmospheric plasma increases the exppression of anti-aging genes of skin cells without causing cellular damages ", Arch. Dermatol. Res 133-4, 305(2) (2013).[Link]

    Cancer treatments by Air Plasmas with Gold Nanoparticles

  • J.K. Lee, M.S. Kim, J.H. Byun, K.T. Kim, G.C.Kim, and G.Y. Park, "Biomedical Applications of Low Temperature Atmospheric Pressure Plasmas to Cancerous Cell Treatment and Tooth Bleaching", Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50, 08JF01 (2011). [PDF File]

  • G.J. Kim, S.R. Park, G.C. Kim, J.K. Lee, "Targeted cancer treatment using anti-EGFR and -TFR antibody conjugated gold nanoparticles stimulated by non-thermal air plasma", Plasma Medicine 1, 45-54 (2011). [Link]

  • G.J. Kim, W. Kim, K. T. Kim, and J.K. Lee, "DNA damage and mitochondria dysfunction in cell apoptosis induced by nonthermal air plasma", Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 021502 (2010). [Link][PDF File]

  • G.C. Kim, G.J. Kim, S.R. Park, S.M. Jeon, H.J. Seo, F. Iza, and J.K. Lee, "Air plasma coupled with antibody-conjugated nanoparticles: a new weapon against cancer", J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 42, 032005 (2009). [Link][PDF File]
    * This paper was reported in Europhysics News Highlights section: "Antibody nanoparticles: a new weapon against cancer", Europhysics News 40(2), 14 (2009). [Link][PDF File]

    Electrosurgery using Plasma

  • M.Y. Choi,I.G. Koo, P.Y. Kim,S.K. Kang,Y.S. Kim,J.C. Jung, George J. Collins, "Helium/H2O2 Atmospheric Pressure Plasma Assisted Electrosurgery", Plasma Process. Polym. (2012).[PDF File]

  • J.C. Jung, I.G. Koo, M.Y. Choi, Z. Yu, M.S. Kim, George J. Collins, "An Electrical Thrombectomy Device Using Plasma Created Chemistry in a Saline Environment to Dissolve Vascular Clots", Plasma Process. Polym. (2012).[PDF File]

    Teeth Whitening by Low-frequency APP helium jets

  • M.S. Kim, I.G. Koo, M.Y. Choi, J.C. Jung, Fathala Eldali, J.K. Lee, George J. Collins, "Correlated Electrical and Optical Studies of Hybrid Argon Gas-Water Plasmas and their Application to Tooth Whitening", Plasma Process. Polym. (2012). [PDF File]

  • J.K. Park, S.H. Nam, H.C. Kwon, A.A.H. Mohamed, J.K. Lee and G.C. Kim, "Feasibility of nonthermal atmospheric pressure plasma for intracoronal bleaching", Int. Endod. J. 44, 170-5 (2011). [Link][PDF File]

  • Hyun Woo Lee, Seoul Hee Nam, Abdel-Aleam H. Mohamed, Gyoo Cheon Kim, and Jae Koo Lee, "Atmospheric Pressure Plasma Jet Composed of Three Electrodes: Application to Tooth Bleaching", Plasma Process. Polym. 7, 274-280 (2010). [Link][PDF File]

  • H.W. Lee, G.J. Kim, J.M. Kim, J.K. Park, J.K. Lee, and G.C. Kim, "Tooth bleaching with nonthermal atmospheric pressure plasma", J. Endod. 35, 587 (2009). [Link][PDF File]

    Microwave APPs

  • S.K. Kang, Y.S. Seo, H.Wk. Lee, Aman-ur-Rehman, G.C. Kim, and J.K. Lee, "Slit shaped microwave induced atmospheric pressure plasma based on a parallel plate transmission line resonator", J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 44, 435201 (2011). [PDF File]

  • Y.S. Seo, H.W. Lee, Abdel-Aleam H. Mohamed, and J.K. Lee, "Correlation of Striated Discharge Patterns With Operating Conditions in Helium and Argon Atmospheric-Pressure Plasma Jets", IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 39, 2324 (2011). [PDF File]

  • S. K. Kang, A-A. H. Mohamed, H Wk Lee, and J K Lee, "Droplet Striations Formed in a 900-MHz Microwave Argon Atmospheric-Pressure Plasma Jet", IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 39, 2318-2319 (2011)[PDF File]

  • Jun Choi, Abdel-Aleam H. Mohamed, Sung Kil Kang, Kyung Chul Woo, Kyong Tai Kim, and Jae Koo Lee, "900-MHz Nonthermal Atmospheric Pressure Plasma Jet for Biomedical Applications", Plasma Process. Polym. 7, 258-63 (2010). [Link][PDF File]

  • J. Choi, F. Iza, H.J. Do, J.K. Lee, and M.H. Cho, "Microwave-excited atmospheric pressure microplasmas based on a coaxial transmission line resonator", Plasma Sources Sci. Technol. 18, 025029 (2009). [Link][PDF File]

    Sterilization and Surface Treatment by Low-frequency and Microwave APPs

  • S.K. Kang, Paul Y. Kim, I.G. Koo, H.Y. Kim, J.C. Jung, M.Y. Choi, George J. Collins and J.K. Lee, "Non-stick Polymer Coatings for Energy-based Surgical Devices Employed in Vessel Sealing" Plasma Process. Polym. 9 446-452 (2012).[PDF File]

  • S.K. Kang, M.Y. Choi, I.G. Koo, Paul Y. Kim, Y.S. Kim, G.J. Kim, A-A. H. Mohamed, George J. Collins and J.K. Lee, "Reactive hydroxyl radical-driven oral bacteria inactivation by radio frequency atmospheric plasma" Appl. Phys. Lett. 98 143702 (2011).[PDF File]

  • Y.S. Seo, H.Wk. Lee, H.C. Kwon, J. Choi, S.M. Lee, K.C. Woo, K.T. Kim and J.K. Lee, "A study on characterization of atmospheric pressure plasma jets according to the driving frequency for biomedical applications" Thin Solid Films, 519 7071-7078 (2011). [PDF File]

  • Y.S. Seo, A.A.H. Mohamed, K.C. Woo, J.L. Lee and K.T. Kim, "Comparative studies of Ar and He atmospheric pressure plasma jets for sterilization", IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 38, 2954 (2010). [Link][PDF File]

  • S.J. Park, J. Choi, G.Y. Park, S.K. Lee, Y. Cho, J.I. Yun, S.M. Jeon, J.K. Lee, K.T. Kim and J.Y. Sim, "Inactivation of S. Mutans Using an Atmospheric Plasma Driven by a Palm-Size-Integrated Microwave-Power Module", IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 38, 1956 (2010). [Link][PDF File]

    Modeling of APPs

  • H.C. Kwon, H.Y. Kim, I.H. Won, H.Wk. Lee, H.K. Shin, and J.K. Lee, "Enhanced transportation of energetic electrons in dual-frequency atmospheric microplasmas", Phys. Plasmas 20, 023506 (2013); [PDF File]

  • H.Y Kim,H.W. Lee, S.K. Kang, H.Wk. Lee, G.C. Kim and J.K. Lee, "Modeling the chemical kinetics of atmospheric plasma for cell treatment in a liquid solution", Phys. Plasmas 19, 073518 (2012); [PDF File]

  • H.C. Kwon, I.H. Won, J.K. Lee, "Electron heating mode transition induced by ultra-high frequency in atmospheric microplasmas for biomedical applications", Applied Physics Letters 100, 183702 (2012); [PDF File]

  • H.W. Lee, G.Y. Park, Y.S. Seo, Y.H. Im, S.B. Shim and H.J. Lee, "Modelling of Atmospheric Pressure Plasmas for Biomedical Applications", J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 44, 053001 (2011); REVIEW PAPER. [Link][PDF File]

  • G.Y. Park, Y.J. Hong, H.W. Lee, J.Y. Sim and J.K. Lee, "A Global Model for the Identification of the Dominant Reactions for Atomic Oxygen in He/O2 Atmospheric-Pressure Plasmas", Plasma Process. Polym. 7, 281-7 (2010). [Link][PDF File]

  • S.M. Lee, Y.J. Hong, Y.S. Seo, F. Iza, G.C. Kim, and J.K. Lee, "Simulations of biomedical atmospheric-pressure discharges", Comp. Phys. Comm. 180, 636 (2009). [PDF File]

  • Pawan K.Tiwari, Sung Kil Kang, Gon Jun Kim, Jun Choi, Abdel-Aleam H. Mohamed, and Jae Koo Lee, "Modeling of Nanoparticle-Mediated Electric Field Enhancement Inside Biological Cells Exposed to AC Electric Fields", Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 48, 087001 (2009). [Link][PDF File]

  • G.J. Kim, F. Iza, and J.K. Lee, "Field emission and lifetime of microcavity plasma", Phys. Plasma. 16, 013502 (2009). [PDF File]

  • G.Y. Park, H.W. Lee, G.C. Kim and J.K. Lee, "Global model of He/O2 and Ar/O2 atmospheric pressure glow discharges", Plasma Process. Polym. 5, 569 (2008). [Link][PDF File]

  • F. Iza, G.J. Kim, S.M. Lee, J.K. Lee, J. L. Walsh, Y. T. Zhang and M.G. Kong, "Microplasmas: Sources, Particle Kinetics, and Biomedical Applications", Plasma Process. Polym. 5, 322 (2008); REVIEW PAPER. [Link][PDF File]

  • Y.J. Hong, S.M. Lee, G.C. Kim and J.K. Lee, "Modeling High-Pressure Microplasmas: Comparison of Fluid Modeling and Particle-in-Cell Monte Carlo Collision Modeling", Plasma Process. Polym. 5, 583 (2008). [PDF File]

  • Y.J. Hong, M. Yoon, F. Iza, G.C. Kim and J.K. Lee, "Comparison of fluid and particle-in-cell simulations on atmospheric pressure helium microdischarges", J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 41, 245208 (2008). [PDF File]

  • J.K. Lee, "Modelings of High-Pressure Plasmas: PIC vs. Fluid Comparisons", Conference on Computational Physics, Plenary talk (2008).

  • J.K. Lee, "Particle and Fluid Simulations of High-Pressure MicroPlasmas", The 6th EU-Japan Joint Symposium on Plasma Processing, Invited talk (2008). [PDF File]

  • F. Iza, J.K. Lee, and M.G. Kong, "Electron Kinetics in Radio-Frequency Atmospheric-Pressure Microplasmas", Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 075004 (2007). [Link] [PDF file]

  • J. Choi, F. Iza, J.K. Lee, and C.M. Ryu, "Electron and Ion Kinetics in a DC Microplasma at Atmospheric Pressure", IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 35, 1274 (2007). [PDF File]

  • J.K. Lee, "Particle Kinetics and Fluid Simulations of Microplasmas", The 4th International Workshop on Microplasmas, Invited talk (2007).

  • J.K. Lee, "Plasma and Gas Discharge Modeling", Second Work Center of Plasma Technology, Invited talk (2007).

    Review Papers & Book Chapters

  • G.Y. Park, S.J. Park, M.Y. Choi, I.G. Koo, J.H. Byun, J.W. Hong, J.Y. Sim, G.J. Collins and J.K. Lee, "Atmospheric-Pressure Plasmas Sources for Biomedical Applications", Plasma Sources Sci. Technol. 21, 043001 (2012). [PDF File]

  • H.W. Lee, G.Y. Park, Y.S. Seo, Y.H. Im, S.B. Shim and H.J. Lee, "Modelling of Atmospheric Pressure Plasmas for Biomedical Applications", J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 44, 053001 (2011). [Link][PDF file]

  • W.I. Kim, K.C. Woo, G.C. Kim and K.T. Kim, "Nonthermal-Plasma-Mediated Animal Cell Death", J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 44 013001 (2011). [Link][PDF file]

  • S.H. Lee, F. Iza, and J.K. Lee, "Particle-in-cell Monte-Carlo and fluid simulations of argon-oxygen plasma: Comparison with experiments and validations", Phys. Plasmas 13, 057102 (2006). [PDF file]

  • H.C. Kim, F. Iza, S.S. Yang, M. Radmilovic-Radjenovic, and J.K. Lee, "Particle and fluid simulations of low-temperature plasma discharge: benchmarks and kinetic effects", J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 38 R283-R301 (2005). [PDF file]

  • F. Iza, G.J. Kim, S.M. Lee, J.K. Lee, J. L. Walsh, Y. T. Zhang and M.G. Kong, "Microplasmas: Sources, Particle Kinetics, and Biomedical Applications", Plasma Process. Polym. 5, 322 (2008). [PDF File]

  • Advanced Plasma Technology: "Advanced Simulation for Low-Temperature Plasma Applications", by R. d'Agostino et al., Wiley-VCH (2008).

  • Low Temperature Plasmas. Fundamentals, Technologies, and Techniques: "Plasma Display Panel", by K. Hippler, Wiley-VCH (2008).

  • Plasma Physics Research Advances: "Advances in Research on Low-Pressure Capacitively Coupled Plasmas", Nova (2008).

  • Advanced Plasma Technology: "Advanced Simulations for Industrial Plasma Applications", by R. D'agostino, P. Favia, and Y. Kawai, Wiley (2007).

  • Gas Discharges-Fundamentals & Applications: "Computer Modeling of Low-Temperature Plasmas", by J. Filho, Research Signpost (2007). [PDF File]

  • Advances in Low Temperature RF Plasmas: "Modeling of Magnetron Sputtering Plasmas", by T. Makabe, N-Holland (2002).

  • Low Temperature Plasma Physics-Fundamental Aspects and Applications: "Plasma Display Panel", by R. Hippler, S. Pfau, M. Schmidt, and K.H. Schoenbach, Wiley (2000) 2nd ed. (2007).

    Capacitively Coupled Plasma Sources

  • H.C. Kwon, Aman-Ur Rehman, I.H. Won, W.T. Park, and J.K. Lee, "Negative resistance phenomenon in dual-frequency capacitively coupled plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition system for photovoltaic manufacturing process", J. Appl. Phys. 111, 023305 (2012). [PDF File]

  • Aman-ur-Rehman, H.C. Kwon, W.T. Park, and J.K. Lee, "A study of the role of various reactions on the density distribution of hydrogen, silylene, and silyl in SiH4/H2 plasma discharges", Phys. Plasmas. 18, 093502 (2011). [PDF File]

  • H.C. Kwon, S.H. Lee, Aman-Ur Rehman, and J.K.Lee, "Effect of Electron Heating Mode on Charge-Up Damage in Dual-Frequency Capacitive Discharges", IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 39, 2530 (2011). [PDF File]

  • S.J. You, T.T. Hai, M.Park, D.W. Kim, D.J.Seong, Y.H.Shin, S.H. lee, G.Y. Park, J.K. Lee, and H.Y. Chang, "Role of transverse magnetic field in the capacitive discharge", Thin Solid Films 519, 6981-6989 (2011). [PDF File]

  • S.J. You, G.Y. Park, J.H. Kwon, J.K. Kim, H.Y. Chang, J.K. Lee, D.J. Seong and Y.H. Shin, "Evolution of electron temperature in low pressure magnetized capacitive plasma", Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 101504 (2010). [Link][PDF File]

  • G.J. Kim, S.H. Lee and J.K. Lee, "Ignition of Peripheral Plasma in Capacitive Discharges", IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 36(4), 1392 (2008).[PDF File]

  • G.Y. Park and J.K. Lee, "The bounce resonance heating of low-energy electrons in capacitively coupled discharges", J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 41, 022004 (2008).[PDF File]

  • S.H. Lee, Pawan K. Tiwari, and J.K. Lee, "Control of ion energy distribution in low-pressure and triple-frequency capacitive discharge", Plasma Sources Sci. Technol. 18, 025024 (2009). [Link][PDF File]

  • G.Y. Park, S.J. You, F. Iza, and J.K. Lee, "Abnormal heating of low-energy electrons in low-pressure capacitively coupled discharges", Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 085003 (2007). [PDF file]

  • H.C. Kim and J.K. Lee, "Mode transition induced by low-frequency current in dual-frequency capacitive discharges", Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 085003 (2004). [PDF file]

  • H.C. Kim, J.K. Lee, and J.W. Shon, "Discharge asymmetry induced by the pulsed radio-frequency current", Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 864 (2004). [PDF file]

  • Y.J. Hong, H.S. Ko, G.Y. Park, and J.K. Lee, "Kinetic plasma simulations for three dielectric etchers", Comp. Phys. Comm. 177, 122 (2007). [PDF file]

  • J.K. Lee, O.V. Manuilenko, N. Yu. Babaeva, H.C. Kim, and J.W. Shon, "Ion energy distribution control in single and dual frequency capacitive plasma sources", Plasma Sources Sci. Technol. 14, 89 (2005). [PDF file]

  • H.C. Kim, J.K. Lee, and J.W. Shon, "Analytic model for a dual frequency capacitive discharge", Phys. Plasmas, 10, 4545 (2003). [PDF file]

  • J.K. Lee, N. Yu. Babaeva, H.C. Kim, O.V. Manuilenko, and J.W. Shon, "Simulation of capacitively coupled single- and dual-frequency RF discharges", IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 32, 47 (2004). [PDF file]

  • H.C Kim, G.Y. Park and J.K. Lee, "Nonlocal electron electrodynamics in high-frequency capacitive discharges", Phys. Plasmas 13, 023501 (2006). [PDF file]

  • M. Radmilovic-Radjenovic and J.K. Lee, "Modeling of breakdown behavior in radio-frequency argon discharges with improved secondary emission model", Phys. Plasmas 12, 063501 (2005). [PDF file]

  • H.C. Kim and J.K. Lee, "Dual radio-frequency discharge: Effective frequency concept and effective frequency transition", J. Vac. Sci. Technol.A 23(4), 651 (2005). [PDF file]

  • N.Yu Babaeva, J.K. Lee, J.W. Shon, and E.A. Hudson, "Oxygen ion energy distribution: Role of ionization, resonant, and nonresonant charge-exchange collisions", J. Vac. Sci. Technol.A 23(4), 699 (2005). [PDF file]

  • H.C. Kim and J.K. Lee, "Dual-frequency capacitive discharge: Effect of low-frequency current on electron distribution function", Phys. Plasma 12, 053501 (2005). [PDF file]

  • N.Yu Babaeva, J.K. Lee and J.W. Shon, "Capacitively coupled plasma source operating in Xe/Ar mixtures", J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 38, 287 (2005). [PDF file]

  • M. Radmilovic-Radjenovic, J.K. Lee, F. Iza and G.Y. Park, "Particle-in-cell simulation of gas breakdown in microgaps", J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 38, 950 (2005). [PDF file]

  • H.C. Kim, O. Manuilenko and J.K. Lee, "Particle-In-Cell Monte-Carlo Simulation of Capacitive RF Discharges: Comparison with Experimental Data",
    Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 1957 (2005). [PDF file]

  • S.J. You, H.C. Kim, C.W. Chung, H.Y. Chang, and J.K. Lee, "The mode transition for power dissipation induced by driving frequency in capacitively coupled plasma",
    J. Appl. Phys. 94, 7422 (2003). [PDF file]

  • N.Yu. Babaeva, J.K. Lee, H.C. Kim, and J.W. Shon, "Non-monotonous plasma density behavior in dual frequency asymmetric capacitively coupled plasma source", (submitted, 2003).

    High-Pressure Micro Plasmas

  • Y.S. Seo, S.M. Lee, and J.K. Lee, "Three-Dimensional Simulations of Patterned Electrodes in Mercury-Free Flat Fluorescent Lamps", IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 36, 1182 (2008).[PDF file]

  • S.M. Lee, S.S. Yang, Y.S. Seo, and J.K. Lee, "MgO Erosion Profile in the High Pressure Coplanar Discharge", Plasma Chem. Plasma Process 27, (2007).[PDF file]

  • F. Iza and J.K. Lee, "Particle-in-cell simulations of planar and cylindrical Langmuir probes: Floating potential and ion saturation current", J. Vac. Sci. Technol.A 24(4), 1366 (2006). [PDF file]

  • F. Iza and J.K. Lee, "Moment conserving method for modelling multiple collisions in particle simulations", J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 39, 1853 (2006). [PDF file]

  • S.S. Yang, S.M. Lee, F. Iza, and J.K. Lee, "Secondary electron emission coefficients in plasma display panels as determined by particle and fluid simulations", J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 39, 2775 (2006). [PDF file]

  • F. Iza, S.S. Yang, H.C. Kim, and J.K. Lee, "The mechanism of striation formation in plasma display panels", J. Appl. Phys. 98, 043302 (2005). [PDF file]

  • J.K. Lee, "Atmospheric and Micro Discharges", AVS, Invited talk (2004). [PDF file]

  • S.S. Yang, J.K. Lee, S.W. Ko, H.C. Kim, and J.W. Shon, "Two-dimensional kinetic and three-dimensional fluid-radiation transport simulations of plasma display panel", Contrib. Plasma Phys., 44, 536 (2004). [PDF file]

  • S.S. Yang, S.J. Kim, and J.K. Lee, "Kinetic Simulation of Micro Plasmas", J. Plasma and Fusion Research, 80, 132 (2004). [PDF file]

  • S.S. Yang, H.C. Kim, S.W. Ko, and J.K. Lee, "Application of two-dimensional numerical simulation for luminous efficiency improvement in plasma display panel cell", IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., 31, 596 (2003). [PDF file]

  • J.K. Lee, "The Plasma Display and the Capacitively Coupled Plasma Simulations", ICPIG, Invited talk (2003). [PDF file]

  • H.C. Kim, S.S. Yang, and J.K. Lee, "Three-Dimensional Self-Consistent Radiation Transport Model for the Fluid Simulation of Plasma Display Cell", J. Appl. Phys. 93, 9516 (2003). [PDF file]

  • H.C. Kim, M.S. Hur, S.S. Yang, S.W. Shin, and J.K. Lee, "Three-Dimensional Fluid Simulation of a Plasma Display Panel Cell", J. Appl. Phys. 91, 9513 (2002). [PDF file]

  • H.J. Lee, H.C. Kim, S.S. Yang, and J.K. Lee, "Two-dimensional self-consistent radiation transport model for plasma display Panels", Phys. Plasmas 9, 2822 (2002). [PDF file]

  • H.C. Kim, S.S. Yang, and J.K. Lee, "Three-Dimensional Fluid Simulation of an AC-PDP Cell", IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 30, 188 (2002). [PDF file]

  • Y.K.Shin, T.S.Hwang, S.D.Kang, H.G.Park, J.H.Ryu, H.C.Kim, S.W.Shin, and J.K.Lee, "3-D Simulation of T-shaped electrode and comparison of its results with experiments", Journal of Information Display, Vol. 3, No. 2, p. 13 (2002). [PDF file]

  • M.S. Hur, J.K. Lee, H.C. Kim, and B.K. Kang, "The Effective Coefficient of Secondary Electron Emission in Plasma Display Panel", IEEE Trans. Plasma Science, 29, 861 (2001). [PDF file]

  • S. Dastgeer, J.K. Lee, H.C. Kim, and Y.H. Kim, "Effeciency Improvement of High-Pressure Microplasma by an Electron Beam", IEEE Trans. Plasma Science, 29, 837 (2001). [PDF file]

  • C.H. Shon, H.J. Lee, and J.K. Lee, "Method to Increase the Simulation Speed of Particle-In-Cell (PIC) Code", Computer Phys. Comm., 141, (2001). [PDF file]

  • J.K. Lee, S. Dastgeer, C.H. Shon, M.S. Hur, H.C. Kim, and S. Cho, "Striation Mechanism and Triggered Striation in Dielectric Microdischarge Plasma", Japanese J. Appl. Phys. Part II, 40, L528 (2001). [PDF file]

  • C.H. Shon and J.K. Lee, "Striation Phenomenon in the Plasma Display Panel", Phys. Plasmas, 8, 1070 (2001). [PDF file]

  • Y.K. Shin, J.K. Lee, W. Zhou, H.S. Lee, et al., "2-D Breakdown Simulations of PDPs in Varying Geometry", IEEE Trans. Plasma Science 27, 14 (1999). [PDF file]

  • Y.K. Shin, C.H. Shon, W. Kim, and J.K. Lee, "The Voltage-Pulsing Effects in AC Plasma Display Panel", IEEE Trans. Plasma Science 27(5), 1366 (1999). [PDF file]

  • Y.K. Shin, J.K. Lee, C.H. Shon, and W. Kim, "Ion Energy Distribution in ac-PDP Cell", Japanese J. Appl. Phys. Lett. 38, L174 (1998). [PDF file]

  • C.H. Shon, J.K. Lee, H.C. Kim, S. Dastgeer, and S.W. Shin, "Striation Phenomenon of Plasma Display Panel (PDP) Cell and Its Application to Efficiency Improvement", SID'01 proceedings (2001). [PDF file]

  • Y.K. Shin, C.H. Shon, H.S. Lee, W. Kim, and J.K. Lee, "Kinetic and cell-geometry effects in AC-PDP Simulation", SID'99 proceedings (1999). [WORD file]

  • M.S. Hur, J.K. Lee, C.H. Shon, S. Dastgeer, and S.S. Yang, "Reduction of Discharge Current of PDP by Pulse Variation and Improvement of Efficiency", IDW'00 (2000). [PDF file]

  • C.H. Shon, M.S. Hur, Y.K. Shin, H.J. Lee, and J.K. Lee, "Parameter Optimization of an AC Coplanar PDP by Computer Simulation", IDW'99 (1999). [PS file]

    Inductively Coupled Plasma Sources, Large Area Processing Plasmas and Electro-Negative Plasmas

  • K.N. Kim, J.H. Lim, H.B. Jeong, G.Y. Yeom, S.H. Lee, and J.K. Lee, "Linear inductive antenna design for large area flat panel display plasma processing", Microelectronic Engineering,89, 133-137 (2012). [PDF file]

  • Aman-ur-Rehman, J.K. Lee, "Effective viscosity model for electron heating in warm magnetized inductively coupled plasma discharges", Physics of Plasmas,16, 8, 083504 (2009). [PDF file]

  • Aman-ur-Rehman, J.K. Lee, "Nonlocal collisionless power absorption using effective viscosity model in inductively coupled plasma discharges", Physics of Plasmas, 16, 7, 073505 (2009). [PDF file]

  • S.H. Lee, S.M. Choi, and J.W. Shon, "Two-dimensional fluid simulation of VHF-ICP source with parallel resonance antenna", Comp. Phys. Comm. 177, 133 (2007). [PDF file]

  • S.M. Choi, S.H. Lee, J.K. Lee, K.N. Kim, and G.Y. Yeom,"Two-dimensional fluid simulation of large-area plasma source with parallel resonance antenna", Comp. Phys. Comm. 177, 126 (2007). [PDF file]

  • H.J. Yoon, T.H. Chung, C.J. Chung, and J.K. Lee, "Two-dimensional calculation of spatial distribution of neutral atoms for a planar inductively coupled oxygen discharge", Thin Solid Films 506-507, 454 (2006). [PDF file]

  • K.N. Kim, J.H. Lim, G.Y. Yeom, S.H. Lee, and J.K. Lee, "Effect of dual frequency on the plasma characteristics in an internal linear inductively coupled plasma source", Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 251501 (2006). [PDF file]

  • K.N. Kim, S.J. Jung, Y.J. Lee, G.Y. Yeom, S.H. Lee, and J.K. Lee, "Low-impedance internal linear inductive antenna for large-area flat panel display plasma processing", J. Appl. Phys. 97, 063302 (2005). [PDF file]

  • S.E. Park, B.U. Cho, J.K. Lee, Y.J. Lee, and G.Y. Yeom, "The characteristics of large area processing plasma", IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., 31, 628 (2003). [PDF file]

  • J.K. Lee, L. Meng, Y.K. Shin, H.J. Lee, and T.H. Chung, "Modeling and Simulation of a Large-Area (TCP) Plasma Source", Japanese J. Appl. Phys., 36(9A), 5714-5723 (1997). [PDF file]

  • T.H. Chung, H.J. Yoon, and J.K. Lee, "2-D Fluid Simulation of Electronegative Discharges", Japanese J. Appl. Phys. 36(5A), 2874-2882 (1997). [PDF file]

    Plasma Etching & Neutral Beam Etching

  • Branislav Radjenovic, J.K. Lee, and Marija Radmilovic-Radjenovic, "Sparse field set method for non-convex Hamiltonians in 3D plasma etching profile simulations", Computer Phys. Communications 174, 127 (2006). [PDF file]

  • D.H. Lee, B.J. Park, G.Y. Yeom, S.J. Kim, J.K. Lee, K.H. Baek, and C.J. Kang, "Removal of aspect-ratio-dependent etching by low-angle forward reflected neutral-beam etching", J. Korean Phys. Society 46, 867 (2005). [PDF file]

  • S.J. Kim, S.J. Wang and J.K. Lee, "Simulation of Ion Beam Transport in an Ion Gun for Material Processing", IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 33, 538 (2005). [PDF file]

  • S.J. Kim, S.J.Wang, J.K.Lee, D.H.Lee, and G.Y.Yeom, "Generation of low energy neutral beam for Si etching", J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 22, 1948 (2004). [PDF file]

  • S.J.Kim, H.J.Lee, G.Y.Yeom, and J.K.Lee, "Requirements of neutral beam source in aspects of pressure and neutral angle for nano-scale etching", Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 7261 (2004). [PDF file]

  • H.S. Park, S.J. Kim, Y.Q. Wu, and J.K. Lee, "Effects of plasma chamber pressure on the etching of micro structures in SiO2 with the charging effects", IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 31, 703 (2003). [PDF file]

  • Min Sup Hur, Sung Jin Kim, Ho Seung Lee, Jae Koo Lee, and Geun Young Yeom, "Particle in Cell Simulation of a Neutral Beam Source for Materials Processing", IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 30, 110 (2002). [PDF file]

    Magnetized Plasmas

  • D.H. Kim, C.M. Ryu, S.H. Lee and J.K. Lee, "Electron kinetic property of a magnetized dual-frequency capacitively-coupled plasma", Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 54(1 PART 1), 317-322 (2009).[PDF file]

  • D.H. Kim, C.M. Ryu, S.H. Lee and J.K. Lee, "Sustainment of Plasma Density by a Low Magnetic Field in a Dual-Frequency Capacitively Coupled Plasma", Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47(8), 7005 (2008).[PDF file]

  • F. Iza and J.K. Lee, "Low-pressure plasma generation inside slender tubes", Comp. Phys. Comm. 177, 72 (2007). [PDF file]

  • S.H. Lee, S.J. You, H.Y. Chang, and J.K. Lee, "Electron and ion kinetics in magnetized capacitively coupled plasma source", J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 25(3), 455 (2007). [PDF file]

  • C.H. Shon, and J.K. Lee, "Modeling of Magnetron Sputter Plasmas", Appl. Surf. Sci., 192, 258 (2002). [PDF file]

  • C.H. Shon, J.S. Park, and J.K. Lee, "Kinetic and Steady-State Properties of Magnetron Sputter with Three-Dimensional Field", Japanese J. Appl. Phys. Part I, 38, 4440 (1999). [PDF file]

  • C.H. Shon, J.K. Lee, H.J. Lee, Y.K. Shin, Y. Yang, T.H. Chung, "Velocity Distributions in Magnetron Sputter", IEEE Trans. Plasma Science 26, 1635 (1998). [PDF file]

  • M. Yoon, S.C. Kim, H.J. Lee, and J.K. Lee, "Global Modeling Simulation of the Ion-Pumping Effect in Helicon-Plasma Discharge", J. Korean Phys. Soc. 32(5), L635 (May, 1998). [PDF file]

  • T.H. Chung, S.H. Lee, and J.K. Lee, "A Time-Dependent Global Modeling Combined with Equivalent Circuit Analysis", Korean Appl. Phys. 10(1), 40-47 (1997).

  • Liu Shenggang, J.K. Lee, S. Liqun, Y. Yang, and Z. Dajun, "Theory of Wave Propagation along Corrugated Waveguide Filled with Plasma Immersed in an Axial Magnetic Field (ECR or Helicon)", IEEE Trans. Plasma Science 24(3), 918-923 (1996). [PDF file]

    Plasma Ion Implantation & Vortex Dynamics

  • Y.S. Lee, H.J. Yoon, T.H. Chung, and J.K. Lee, "PIC Simulation of Plasma Immersed Ion Implantation with Various Electrode Geometry", Korean Appl. Phys. 9(1), 14 (1996).

  • S.J. Hahn and J.K. Lee, "Kinetic Simulation for the Transient Sheath in the Plasma Ion Implantation", Japanese J. Appl. Phys. 31, Part I, 2570 (1992).

  • R. Ganesh, and J.K. Lee, "Dynamics of Uniform Vortex Patch with a Point Vortex, IEEE Trans. Plasma Science, 30, 1 (2002). [PDF file]

  • R. Ganesh, and J.K. Lee, "Formation of Quasi-stationary Vortex and Transient Hole Patterns through Vortex Merger, Phys. Plasma, 9, 4551 (2002).[PDF file]

    Hollow Cathode-Pseudospark Plasma Discharges

  • Y.J. Hong, M. Yoon, G.J. Kim, F. Iza and J.K. Lee, "Two-Dimensional Particle Simulations for Microhollow-Cathode Discharges: Comparison of Secondary Electron Emission Models", J. Korean Phys. Soc. 53(6), 3777 (2008). [PDF File]

  • G.J. Kim and J.K. Lee, "Pendulum Electrons in Micro Hollow Cathode Discharges", IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 36(4), 1238 (2008).

  • G.J. Kim, F. Iza, and J.K. Lee, "Electron and ion kinetics in a micro hollow cathode discharge", J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 39, 4386 (2006). [PDF file]

  • M.C. Wang, G.S. Park, and J.K. Lee : Compact FEL with a Pseudospark (Plasma Discharge) Beam, Intern. J. Infrared and mm Waves, 18(4), 797 (1997).

  • H.J. Lee and J.K. Lee : Time-Dependent Global Model Calculations for a Pseudospark Discharge with a Hollow Cathode, Japanese J. Appl. Phys. Part 1, vol. 35, No. 12A, pp. 6252-6258 (1996). [PDF file]

  • M.C. Wang, Z. Wang, Y. Huang, L. Zhang, B. Lu, J. Zhu, and J.K. Lee : A New Beam Source (Pseudospark Discharge) for Free Electron Lasers, Nucl. Instr. Meth. A 375, 143-146 (1996). [PDF file]

  • J.B. Zhu, M.C. Wang, Z.J. Wang, and J.K. Lee : Design of High-Voltage and High-Brightness Pseudospark-Produced Electron-Beam Source for a Raman FEL, Optical Engineering 35(2), 498-501 (1996). [PDF file]

  • M.C. Wang, J. Zhu, Z. Wang, J.K. Lee, and T.H. Chung : Design of a New Pseudospark Discharge for a Raman FEL, Nucl. Instr. Meth. A 358, ABS38 (1995).

  • J. Zhu, M.C. Wang, Z. Wang, and J.K. Lee : Design of a New Pseudospark-Produced High-Brightness Electron Beam Source for an FEL, Acta Optica Sinica 15(5), 536 (1995).

    Plasma Chaos in Beam-Driven Capacitively Coupled Plasmas

  • M.S. Hur, J.K. Lee, and B.K. Kang, "New Chaotic Patterns in Pulsed Discharges", Phys. Lett. A 276, 286 (2000). [PDF file]

  • M.S. Hur, H.J. Lee, and J.K. Lee, "Ion-Beam-Driven Instabilities in Bounded Dusty Plasmas", IEEE Trans. Plasma Science 27, 1449 (1999). [PDF file]

  • M.S. Hur, H.J. Lee, and J.K. Lee, "A Parameterization of Nonlinear and Chaotic Oscillations in Driven Plasma Diodes", Phys. Rev. E 58, 936 (1998). [PDF file]

  • H.J. Lee, J.K. Lee, I.D. Bae, and M.S. Hur, "Effects of Particle Trapping and Velocity Slippage on the Beam-Plasma Interactions", Phys. Lett. A 247, 313 (1998). [PDF file]

  • H.J. Lee and J.K. Lee, "Mode Transition and Nonlinear Oscillations in the Beam-Driven Collisional Discharge Plasma", Phys. Plasma, 5(8), 2878 (1998). [PDF file]

  • H.J. Lee, J.K. Lee, M.S. Hur, and Yi Yang, "A Universal Characterization of Nonlinear Self-Oscillation and Chaos in Various Particle-Wave-Wall Interactions", Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1445 (1998). [PDF file]

  • T.H. Chung, H.J. Yoon, T.S. Kim, and J.K. Lee, "PIC Simulation on the Breakdown and Period Doubling Thresholds for rf Discharges Ar Plasmas", J. Phys. D. 29(4), 1014 (1996).

  • T.H. Chung, H.S. Yoon , and J.K. Lee, "Scaling Laws Verification for Capacitive rf-Discharge Ar Plasma using PIC Simulations", J. Appl. Phys. 78(11), 6441 (1995).

    Dusty Plasmas

  • O.V. Manuilenko and J.K. Lee, "Theoretical modeling of an x-ray source based on stochastic acceleration of charged particles at electron cyclotron resonance", Plasma Sources Sci. Technol. 14, 98 (2005). [PDF file]

  • N. Yu Babaeva, J.K. Lee, and H.C. Kim, "Non-stationary charging of a dust grain in decaying streamer-channel plasma", Plasma Sources Sci. Technol. 13(1), 127 (2004). [PDF file]

  • Natalia Babaeva and Jae Koo Lee, "Dust-grain charging in developing air plasma", IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., 32, 823 (2004). [PDF file]

  • J.K. Lee and S.J. Hahn, "Off-Peak Saturation Effects of Beam-Plasma Instability", IEEE Trans. Plasma Science 19(1), 52 (1991). [PDF file]

  • J.K. Lee and C.K. Birdsall, "Particle-Fluid Hybrid Simulations for Weak Beam-Plasma Interaction", Computer Phys. Communications 64, 214 (1991).

  • J.K. Lee and C.K. Birdsall, "Particle Simulation of Drift-Cyclotron Instability", Japanese. J. Appl. Phys. 29, 2126 (1990).

  • J.K. Lee and C.K. Birdsall, "Velocity Space Ring-Plasma Instability, Magnetized, Part I : Theory", Physics of Fluids 22, 1306 (1979).

  • J.K. Lee and C.K. Birdsall, "Velocity Space Ring-Plasma Instability, Magnetized, Part II : Simulation", Physics of Fluids 22, 1315 (1979).

    FEL Chaos

  • E.H. Park, J.K. Lee, and T.H. Chung, "Self-Oscillations and Chaos of FEL Oscillators with Space Charge Effects", Nucl. Instr. Meth. A 358, 448 (1995).

  • S.J. Hahn, J.K. Lee, E.H. Park, and T.H. Chung, "Chaotic Transitions in a Short-Pulse FEL Oscillator", Nucl. Instr. Meth. A 341, 200 (1994).

  • S.J. Hahn and J.K. Lee, "Nonlinear Short-Pulse Propagation in a FEL", Phys. Rev. E 48(3), 2162 (1993). [PDF file]

  • S.J. Hahn and J.K. Lee, "Bifurcations in a Short-Pulse FEL Oscillator", Phys. Lett. A 176(5), 339 (1993).

  • S.J. Hahn and J.K. Lee, "Optical Spikes and Superradiant Pulse Propagation in a FEL", Nucl. Instr. Meth. A 331, 390 (1993).

    FEL and CARM

  • T.H. Chung and J.K. Lee : Growth Rate Calculation and 1-D Simulation of an Electromagnetically Pumped FEL, J. Korean Phys. Soc. 28(6), 734 (1995).

  • K.H. Yeom and J.K. Lee : Space Charge Effects of CARM, J. Korean Phys. Soc. 28(2), 164 (1995).

  • K.H. Yeom, J.K. Lee, and T.H. Chung : Wiggler-Free FEL with an Intense Helical Beam, Nucl. Instr. Meth. A 358, ABS52 (1995). [PDF file]

  • C.B. Kim, Y.W. Uhm, and J.K. Lee : 1-D FEL Model without the Slowly-Varying Approximation, Nucl. Instr. Meth. A 358, 516 (1995). [PDF file]

  • T.H. Chung and J.K. Lee : 1-D Model of an FEL with a Plasma Background, Nucl. Instr. Meth. A 358, ABS 3 (1995). [PDF file]

  • T.H. Chung and J.K. Lee : Dispersion Characteristics of Electromagnetically Pumped FEL, Nucl. Instr. Meth. A 341, 71 (1994). [PDF file]

  • T.H. Chung and J.K. Lee : Simulation of Tapered FEL Amplifiers Millimeter and IR Regions, Nucl. Instr. Meth. A 331, 482 (1993).

  • H.S. Kim, S.J. Hahn, and J.K. Lee : Simulation of Tunable IR FEL Based on Test Linac of PAL, Journal Phys. Soc. of Japan, 62(7), 2334 (1993).

  • T.H. Chung and J.K. Lee : 1-D Calculation including the Space Charge Effects of FEL Amplifier, Journal Phys. Soc. of Japan, 62(7), 1501 (1993).

  • G.H. Kim, S.J. Hahn, and J.K. Lee : Computer Simulation of Free Electron Laser, Korean Appl. Phys. 4(4), 460 (1991).

  • J.K. Lee and S.J. Hahn : Nonlinear Efficiency Calculations for a CARM Oscillator, Journal Korean Phys. Soc 23(3), 209 (1990).

  • J.K. Lee, Bard, W., Chiu, S.C., Davidson, R.C., and Goforth, R.R. : Self-Consistent Nonlinear Evolution of the Cyclotron Autoresonance Maser, Physics of Fluids 31, 1824 (1988).

    MHD Instabilities in TOKAMAKs

  • S. Dastgeer and J.K. Lee : Scaling of Spectral Anisotropy in Two Dimensional Electron Magnetohydrodynamic Turbulance, J. Phys. Soc. Japan 70, (2001). [PDF file]

  • K.J. Shin, Y.Y. Lim, C.H. Shon, and J.K. Lee : Three Dimensional Simulation of VDE in Tokamaks, IEEE Trans. Plasma Science 27, 110 (1999). [PDF file]

  • Y.Y. Lim, J.K. Lee, K.J. Shin, and M.S. Hur : Non-axisymmetric simulation of the vertical displacement event in tokamaks, Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion 41, 551 (1999). [PDF file]

  • S.K. Kim, J.K. Lee, et al. : Development of the rf System Design and Operation Scenarios of the Large-Aspect-Ratio Midsize Divertor Tokamak KT-2 at KAERI, Fusion Techn. 27(S), 436-439 (1995).

  • J. Ferron, J.K. Lee, et al. : High Beta Discharges in DIII-D, Phys. Fluids B2, 1280 (1990).

  • Lee, J.K., Strait, E.J., Lao, L.L., and Taylor, T.S. : Global Resistive MHD calculations for High-Beta Divertor Plasmas in the dIII-D Tokamak, Nuclear Fusion 29, 1181 (1989).

  • Lee, J.K. : Tearing Mode Saturation with Finite Pressure, Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion 30, 415 (1988).

  • Lee, J.K. : Effects of Magnetic Separatrix and Pressure Pedestal on Finite Beta External Kink-Tearing Modes, Physics of Fluids 29, 1629 (1986).

  • Lee, J.K. : Stabilization of External Kink and Axisymmetric Modes in a Highly Elongated Tokamak, Nuclear Fusion 26, 955 (1986).

  • Lee, J.K., Bernard, L.C., Helton, F.J., Stambaugh, R.D., and Strait, E.J. : Stability Analyses of High-Beta Doublet III Discharges, Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion 28, 259 (1986).

  • Ohyabu, N., Lee, J.K., and deGrassie, J.S. : A Simple Model of Energy Confinement in Tokamaks, Nuclear Fusion 26, 593 (1986).

  • Lee, J.K., Chu, M.S., Liu, C.S., and Drake, J.F. : Half-Coalescence Ideal Magnetohydrodynamic Instability of the $q=1$ Magnetic Island in Tokamaks, Physics of Fluids 28, 1585 (1985).

  • Lee, J.K. : Effects of Line-Tying on Free-Boundary Global Modes in High-Beta Tokamak Plasmas, Physics of Fluids 27, 772 (1984).

  • Lee, J.K., and Ohyabu, N. : Limiter Stabilization of High-Beta External Kink-Tearing Modes, Physics of Fluids 27, 2874 (1984).

  • Lee, J.K. and Chu, M.S. : MHD Stability of High-Beta Tokamak Equilibria with Pedestal and Line-Tying, Nuclear Fusion 24, 1360 (1984).

  • Lee, J.K., Chu, M.S., Helton, F.J., and Park, W. : Magnetic Fluctuations in High-$\beta_p$ Tokamak Plasmas, Physics of Fluids 27, 607 (1984).

  • Strait, E.J., et al., Lee, J.K., et al. : Doublet III Beta Limits and the Role of Discharge Shape, GA Technologies Report GA-A17837 (1984).

  • Lee, J.K., Ikezi, H., McClain, F.W., and Ohyabu, N. : Magnetic Islands Driven by External Sources, Nuclear Fusion 23, 63 (1983).

  • Lee, J.K., Chu, M.S., and Helton, F.J. : Tearing Modes in a General Cross-Section Force-Free Cylindrical Tokamak, Physics of Fluids 26, 766 (1983).

  • Chu, M.S., Jensen, T.H., Lee, J.K., : Energy Principle for Stability of General Force-Free MHD Equilibria, Nuclear Fusion 22, 213 (1982).

  • Hsu, J.Y. and Lee, J.K., : Minimum Energy States with Finite Pressure in Current Carrying Plasmas, GA Technologies Report GA-A16218 (1982).

  • Stambaugh, R.D., et al., Lee, J.K., et al. : MHD Stability of Low $q_L$ Discharges in Doublet III, GA Technologies Report GA-A16652 (1982).

  • Chu, M.S., Helton, F.J., Lee, J.K., Moore, R.W., Greene, J.M., and Jensen, T.H. : Current-Driven Nonideal Instability in a Force Free Toroidal Plasma, Computer Phys. Communications 24, 399 (1981).

  • Lee, J.K. : Molecular Ion Injection into the Elmo Bumpy Torus : Trajectory Studies, GA Technologies Report GA-A15635, 1980 (incorporated in the proposal of the EBT Proof of Principle Experiment to Department of Energy).

  • Strait, E.J., Lee, J.K., et al. : Stability of High Beta Discharges in the DIII-D Tokamak, in Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research (the Twelfth International Conference, Nice, France 1988).

  • Thayer, D.R., Lee, J.K., et al. : Resistive Fluid Turbulence and Tokamak Edge Plasma Dynamics, in Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research (the Twelfth International Conference, Nice, France 1988).

  • Chu, M.S., Strait, E.J., Lee, J.K., Lao, L., Stambaugh, R.D., et al. : Beta Limit Disruptions, in Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research (Proceedings of the Eleventh International Conference, Kyoto, 1986), vol. 1, p. 373 (IAEA, Vienna 1987).

  • Helton, F.J., et al., Lee, J.K., et al. : Ellipsoidal Shell Tokamak, in Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research (Proceedings of the Eleventh International Conference, Kyoto, 1986), vol. 2 (IAEA, Vienna 1987).

  • Stambaugh, R.D., et al., Lee, J.K., et al. : Tests of Beta Limits as a Function of Plasma Shape in the Doublet III Device, in Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research (Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference, London, 1984) (IAEA, Vienna, 1985), Vol. 1, p.217.

  • Hinton, F.L., et al., Lee, J.K., et al. : Physics of the H-Mode, in Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research (Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference, London, 1984) (IAEA, Vienna, 1985), Vol. 2, p.3.